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I would encourage you to do something every week to help with your personal preparedness. Learn something, buy something, teach something or do something. Doing a little each week will pay off .

Tuesday, September 14, 2010


Please take a minute as always at the first of your reading and dedicate this time to the Lord, asking that His Spirit will be with you as you read, so you will know what you need to do to best help your family.
Powdered Milk

Milk is one of the basic 4 foods in your food storage program
General Information- : Dry milk is made from fresh milk with the cream and water removed. The calcium and other vitamins and minerals of liquid milk are retained. It comes in whole or skim milk (non fat) form. Skim milk powder contains about ½ the calories compared with whole milk. Skim milk stores much better than whole powdered milk. What kind to buy:Few foods are as valuable as milk and milk products. It is important in storing powdered milk that the best quality be chosen, it will be more nutritious and store longer. Dry skim milk is recommended and comes in several grades. The best grade is termed extra and should contain no more than 4 % moisture. Low moisture milk may be store and remain nutritious. Read the label to make sure there are no artificial, color, flavor or preservatives. Always buy powdered milk that is fortified with Vitamins A & D. This type will go rancid more slowly than the whole milk powder. Storage of powdered milk: It will keep at room temperature for several months, for long term storage it must be kept in an airtight container in a cool, dry place. Many storage charts say powdered milk can only be stored for short periods, but good quality, non fat dry milk, if kept cool and dry will store with little change for several years. The extra grade dry skim milk may be purchased in double sealed cans or bags. This grade will store for at least 60 months in cool dry storage of 60* or less. If it is stored at 70* it will reduce storage time 12 months. Every 5* warmer reduces it by 12 months. The cans at the cannery are a great way to store your powdered milk. Using Powdered Milk: Most people find properly prepared non instant powered milk very palatable, differing only slightly from fresh skim milk and if nothing else were available it would be a welcome addition to the diet. If you prefer not to drink it on a regular basis but still want to rotated it to keep your supply fresh you may wish to use it for cooking, hot chocolate, puddings etc. It may taste a little different than that made with fresh milk but the taste is adjusted to easily. Many people mix 1 quart dry milk with a gallon of regular milk to extend their milk and roate their powdered milk.
Amounts needed: (The church lowered it's recomended amounts for some foods in 2006 - milk was a huge drop. It is 1/4th of the old totals.)

Per person 3 months
times # in family
Times 2 = 6 months
Times 2 = 12 months
4 lbs-

For this amount
Dry Milk Instant
Dry Milk -Regular
1 quart
1 cup
3/4 cup
4 cups
1 pint
½ cup
1/3 cup
2 cups
1 cup
1/4 cup
3 Tbls
1 cup
½ cup
2 Tbls
1 ½ Tbls
½ cup
1/4 cup
1 Tbls
2 tsp
1/4 cup
Recipes for Milk Products:
Whole Milk1 cup water
2/3 c powdered milk
4 cup cold water
1 2/3 cup powdered milk
Mix thoroughly
Sweetened Condensed Milk1 c hot water
4 cups powdered milk
2 cups gran sugar
2 tbsp butter or powder or 1/4 cup marg or butter
put Hot water and powdered milk in a deep narrow bowl. Mix until all milk is dissolved. Can be stored in refrigerator up to 2 weeks
Buttermilk4 cup water
1 C nonfat powdered milk
1/2 cup buttermilk or powder
pinch of salt
Combine water and powder nilk and stir to dissolve. Stir in buttermilk or powder and salt. Blend well. Allow to stand at room temp overnight. Stir till smooth. Save 1/2 cup buttermilk to use to make another quart.
Sour Milk1 cup reconstituted powder milk
1 Tbs vinegar or lemon juice
Mix well
Sour Cream2 tbs lemon juice
2 cup creamed cottage cheese
Blend until smooth and creamy
Whipped Topping

½ cup instnat non fat dry milk
1/32 cup cold water
2 tsp lemon juice
2 T sugar
1 tsp vanilla
Mix dry milk and ice water. Beat until stiff peaks form. Add lemon juuice an beat, add sugar and vanilla, beat until well blended.
Hot Chocolate
1 cup cocoa
3-4 cups sugar
½ tsp salt
4 cups instant milk
Combine and store in airtight containier
Extra Rich Hot Chocolate Mix
10 2/3 cup instant nonfat dry milk
2 cups powdered sugar
1 6 oz non dairy creamer
1 16 oz can nesltes quick.
Combine all ingredients in large bowl. Mix well and put in airtight container.
Mix 3 Tbs mix with 1 cup hot water.
Milk Shake
3/4 cup water
½ cup powdered milk
4 tbs flavored syrup (any flavor) Yummy combo is chocolate with dried banana’s reconsituted
Blend until frosty
Banana Milk Shake
1 cup dried banana’s reconstituted
2 ½ cup milk
1 tbs sugar
Mix well
Peanut Butter Oatmeal Bars
2 cups rolled Oats
2 cups powdered milk
1 cup corn syrup
1 cup peanut butter
1 cup raisins or choc chips (opt)
combined oats and powdered milk.. Mix, add corn syrup and peanut butter, Shape into balls.
I have made the other recipes, but I have not made this:
This is made from all storage food ingredients.
1 cup water
dash of salt
1/2 cup water
1/3 cup wheat flour
1/3 cup dry milk
2/3 cup sugar
1/2 cup water
1 tsp knox gelatin
2 tbs cold water
Bring to a boil 1 cup of water and salt. Make a paste with 1/2 cup water and flour. Slowly pour into the boiling water stirring continually. Let cook on low heat for 7-8 minutes stirring frequently. remove from heat. In small mixing bowl combine dry milk, sugar and 1/2 cup cold water. Set aside. Soften gelatin in water, put on low heat and stir until dissolved. Add gelatin to milk mixture and stir until thoroughly mixed., Add flavor desired*, Mix until dissolved. Combine with cooked wheat and mix well. Pour into 8 inch pie crust and let set. *Lemon Pie--1 pkg koolaid or lemonade drink mix/ Chocolate-1 tbs cocoa and 1/2 tsp vanilla/ Coconut-1 tbs coconut
We will discuss making yogurt, cream cheese, and cheeses another week. Thank you for this time spent together today..please close with prayer.
Copyright @ Bucket Ideas
I have a great booklet about powdered milk recipes - very thorough - if you want it please e-mail me at and I will send it along to you.

All About Beans

Hello Sister’s. We get to have the privilege again to meet for a few minutes this week. Please take a minute to pray before you start this mini class. Please pray to receive your own witness about the necessity of these things in your personal lives. Please don’t believe me...please pray and get your witness of this from the Holy Ghost...


This week we are talking about Legumes (Beans)

Each person needs to have 60 lbs per year.

Buying Beans

Legumes of all types may be purchased in a number of different fashions depending largely on where you live and the time of year. The most basic form is called "field run" which means that it's been harvested and sold shortly thereafter. It will not have been given any cleaning or processing and is likely to be rather dirty depending upon the conditions under which it was grown and harvested.

A second basic form called "field run from storage" the legume has been harvested and then put into storage for a time. It will have all of the dirt and detritus of field run grain and whatever it may have picked up from the silo as well.

If you want legumes that are ready to use you will need to ask for "pre-cleaned" which means that it has been passed through fans, screens or sieves to remove chaff, smut balls, insect parts, mouse droppings and other debris.

Moisture Content

The moisture content of the legume you want to purchase or grow has a major impact on how long you will be able to store it and have it remain nutritious and edible. Mold and other fungi will grow in your beans if the moisture content is too high. For this reason, it is suggested you keep legumes to a moisture content of no more than 10%.


Unless one is willing to spend a great deal of money on preserved meats, you must have a quantity of legumes in your food storage program. There are few non-animal foods that contain the amount of protein to be found in dried beans, peas, and lentils. The varieties commonly available in this country have protein contents ranging from 20%-35%. As with most non-animal proteins, they are not complete in themselves for purposes of human nutrition, but become so when they are combined with the incomplete proteins found in grains. It is for this reason that grains and legumes are so often mentioned together. In cultures all over the world, it is common to find the two served together at a meal, making a complete protein, even when those doing the serving have no understanding of nutrition at all.

During the lean years of the Great Depression, beans were tagged "poor man's meat" because of their protein power at pennies per pound. Beans are a source of Niacin, Thiamin, Riboflavin, B6 vitamins and many other nutrients as well. They are also rich in complex carbohydrates and fiber. All of these nutrients are necessary for normal growth and for the building of body tissues. Beans are high in potassium which is required for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles. A cup of cooked beans contains more potassium than a banana. In fact, beans have more calcium and iron per cup than three ounces of cooked meat but contain no cholesterol and with less calories. Beans are the best source of folate and are excellent sources of minerals and vitamins. High in fiber they have good cancer fighting characteristics and have been specifically linked to lower the risk of colon cancer.

Recent research has brought to light that beans have 'anti-aging' agents or antioxidants found in the seed coat. There are eight flavonoids in the outer bean layer, six of which are particularly strong antioxidants. Because of new research, we are learning that beans have a perfect nutrient base for people interested in weight loss. They also aid in reducing cholesterol, improve digestion and, as already mentioned, are an aid in cancer prevention.

Preparing Legumes

Beans can be eaten raw, sprouted or cooked. They can even be ground into a flour and in this form beans cook up in two or three minutes into a hearty soup. But this is not all, for the more adventurous among us, beans can be juiced into milk, curdled into tofu, fermented into soy sauce or made into transparent noodles called vermicelli. Truly, beans rival the versatility of wheat in what you can do with them. Here are some of the different processes in preparing beans for eating.


This step isn't completely necessary, however, there are some real advantages. A shorter cooking time is probably the biggest advantage. Figure about an extra hour of cooking time for beans that are not pre-soaked. Beans should be soaked for at least 6 hours. During this time, the beans will absorb water until they have increased in volume and weight about 3 times. You should add 5 times as much water as dry beans.

Soaking also leaches some of the gas producing properties out of the bean. But for this to work, you need to discard the soaking water and replenish it with fresh water before cooking. You can also quick soak beans by boiling them for 10 minutes first, then setting them aside for two hours. As with a cold soak, you should discard the soaking water and replace with it fresh water before cooking them. Boiling the beans kills the seeds so don't expect them to sprout after you've heated them. 1 lb. dry packaged beans = 2 cups dry = 6 cups cooked beans.

Cooking Beans

After soaking, most people cover the beans with water then boil them. This can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours, depending on the bean. You should check them for softness every 15-30 minutes then pull them off the heat when they've reached their desired softness.

But you can also throw them in a crock pot in the morning and let them go until the evening. Beans ground into a flour cook up almost instantly into a soup or paste, depending on how much water you use. If you've boiled your beans for several hours and they still haven't softened, it's probably because they are old. Older, air stored beans 5 or more years old get 'hardened' and may never soften up. There are two ways of getting around this. You can put them in a pressure cooker for 45-60 minutes and this should do the trick, or you can grind them. Incidentally, normal beans that aren't 'hard' cook in about 20 minutes is a pressure cooker. Hardened beans still contain much of their nutrition.

After your beans are cooked, add your flavorings, meat, vegetables or whatever you are adding to make the bean dish you are preparing. Don't add these ingredients while the beans are cooking as there are many ingredients that will increase the beans' cooking time before they become soft. This includes the acidic foods which include tomatoes, lemon juice, vinegar and similar ingredients.

Adding a bit of cooking oil, butter or margarine to the cooking beans will help to keep the foaming down as they cook. Consider cooking a double batch and freezing the beans not used immediately. Beans soaked for 12 hours or more often have a more uniform shape than quick soaked beans. You may need to increase the cooking time if your water is overly hard or you live at high altitudes. Cooked beans will store nicely in your refrigerator for a week and they freeze nicely for a minimum of 6 months.

What Are The Different Beans Used For?

Adzuki Japanese dishes.

Anasazi Can be used in place of Navy, Pinto, Great Northern, or Kidney beans.

Black-eye Rice dishes and southern cuisine.

Black Turtle Latin American dishes, soups, refried beans, salsas.

Garbanzo Soups, salads and Mexican dishes; Hummus and falafel. Coffee substitute.

Great Northern Soups, baked beans.

Kidney Soups, salads, sandwiches, chili, dip, or over rice.

Lentils Soups, raw sprouts, stirfried sprouts, meatless patties, Ethnic food.

Lima Vegetable side-dish or added to soups and casseroles.

Mung Sprouts, vermicelli or transparent noodles.

Navy Baked beans, soups, casseroles, ethnic dishes.

Pink Used to make chili. Good substitute for pinto or kidney beans.

Pinto Chili, refried beans, dips.

Small Red Chili, salads.

Soy Soy milk, tofu, soy flour, TVP, sprouts, tempeh, mise, soy sauce, natto

Bean Varieties

Black Beans

Also known as turtle beans, these small, dark-brownish black, oval-shaped beans are well known in southwestern black bean soups. They are very commonly used in Central and South America and in China. They tend to bleed very darkly when cooked so they are not well suited to being combined with other beans, lest they give the entire pot a muddy appearance.

Black-Eyed Pea

Although there is tremendous variation among the many varieties of field peas eaten throughout the Southern United States, it is black-eyed peas that are the most commonly known nationwide. The coloring of field peas is as varied as the rest of the legume family, with black-eyed peas being small and oval-shaped with an overall creamy color and, of course, their distinctive black-eye. Dried field peas cook very quickly and combine very tastily with either rice or cornbread.


Also known as the garbanzo bean or cecci pea (or bean), it tends to be a creamy or tan color, rather lumpily roundish and larger than dried garden peas. Many have eaten chickpeas, even if they've never seen a whole one.

Kidney Beans

Just like the rest of the family, kidney beans can be found in wide variety. They come in both light and dark red color in their distinctive kidney shape. Probably best known here in the U.S. for their use in chili, they figure prominently in Mexican, Brazilian and Chinese cuisine.


Lentils are an odd lot. They don't fit in with either the beans or the peas and occupy a place by themselves. Their shape is different from the other legumes being roundish little discs with colors ranging from muddy brown, to green to a rather bright orangish-red. They cook very quickly compared to the larger beans and have a distinctive flavor. They are much used in Asian cuisine from India to China. They make an excellent soup.

Lima Beans

In the Southern U.S., they are also commonly called butter beans. They are one of the most common beans found in this country in all manner of preservation from the young small beans to the large fully mature type. Their flavor is pleasant, but a little bland. Their shape is rather flat and broad with colors ranging from pale green to speckled cream and purple.


Peanuts are another odd species not much like the more familiar beans and peas. Peanuts have a high protein percentage and even more fat. They are one of the two legume species commonly grown for oilseed in this country, and are also used for peanut butter, boiled and roasted peanuts.

Pinto Beans

The Pinto is the most commonly eaten beans in the U.S. at an average of 3.5 pounds per person. Stereotypically bean shaped, it has a dappled pattern of tans and browns on its shell. Pintos have a flavor that blends well with many foods.


This legume has the highest protein content.. The beans themselves are small, and round with a multitude of different shades. Although the U.S. grows a very large percentage of the global supply of these beans, we eat very few of them Most of them go into cattle feed, are used by industry or exported. What does get eaten directly has usually been processed in some form. Almost all prepared and "junk food" has some form of soy in it. Soybean products range from tofu to textured vegetable protein and hundreds of other uses. More and more people are developing allergies to the soy when it is broken down from it’s original state, however most of these people can still eat the soy in it’s natural form,. Although they are very high in protein, they don't lend themselves well to just being boiled until done and eaten the way other beans and peas do.

Beans Giving You Gas?

My brothers use to sing..."Beans, beans the musical fruit, the more you eat the more you toot.."

Beans have a reputation of producing gas. The reason for gas is caused by a lack of enzymes in the intestinal tract needed to digest this food. As your body gets used to eating beans, the needed enzymes are introduced and this problem disappears. Unfortunately the only way to develop the enzymes necessary to handle beans is to eat them, It is recommended that to get use to them you need to eat them 2-3 times a week for about a month, increase it thenext month, after that you shouldn’t have any problems.

There are several things you can do to minimize or eliminate this. First, pick a bean that is not as gas-producing as the others. Here is a scale of beans sorted according to their gas

producing qualities (1=more gas, 10=less gas):

1. Soybeans

2. Pink beans

3. Black turtle beans

4. Pinto beans

5. Small white beans

6. Great northern

7. Baby lima beans

8. Garbanzo beans

9. Large lima beans

10. Black-eyed peas

11. Anasazi beans

The longer you soak them the less gassy beans will be. You can also drain the water after 12 hours, then rinse and re-drain them every 12 hours for 2 to 3 days until the sprouts are as long as the bean. This not only dramatically increases the vitamins in the beans but also removes some of the gas producing qualities. After you have sprouted them as described above, cook them like regular soaked beans. As mentioned already, you should throw out the water you've been soaking your beans in before cooking them.

There are a herbs and spices that also reduce or eliminate the gas from beans. Peppermint, spearmint, marjoram, anise, basil, caraway, carrots, dill, ginger, onions orange juice, parsley, savory, thyme and ginger are reported to have gas reduction properties to one extent or another as well.

Try drinking orange juice with your bean meals.

The tale of throwing a carrot in with the beans as they cook then throwing it out is also founded on successful experience.

It is also reported that fruits shouldn't be eaten at the same meal.

Another way to eat beans to eliminate the gas problem is to grind them into flour in a grinder or heavy duty blender. Add to boiling water and make an instant soup of thickener. Use 2 tbls of bean flour in place of 1 tbls cornstarch. Bean flour can be used in any recipe calling for flour by replacing up to 24% of the flour with any variety of bean flour.

This week challenge:

Make a meal with beans in at least one of the dishes

Then please share with all of us your favorite bean recipe, next week I would like to share a bunch of bean recipes with the group.

The California Bean Board


Revelar, Inc


Best of Basics by James Talmadge



This e-mail is sent solely for the purpose of educating you in the are of preparedness

It is not meant as a forecast of any event.

@ Bucket Ideas Copyright


Please start this time together in prayer.

Past week challenge: Cook Something With Beans

Last week we discussed different types of legumes, amounts to store and how to use them. This week we are going to talk a bit more about beans and how to make them "user friendly". Because we eat so many refined foods, our bodies are in short supply of the enzymes needed to properly digest beans and grains. These are some more ideas to help you get used to adding them to your families diet.

Sprouting is a great way to add beans to your fresh salad's, on sandwiches, etc. According to research at Utah State, germination or sprouting of the beans reduces the amount of complex sugars and consequently gas production. Beans that are first sprouted and then cooked are more easily tolerated. We will discuss sprouting in detail in the next few weeks when we get to that part of food storage.

Beans can be ground into more soaking, boiling, simmering, or mashing! Beans can be ground in a seed mill, wheat grinder or blender. You can add it to your soups as a thickener or plain water as an instant soup. This timesaving method is an excellent way to introduce beans a little at time. Bean flour can be used in any recipe calling for flour by replacing 25% of the wheat flour called for in the recipe with the bean flour. Navy beans work well, because they are lightest in color and mild in taste, but you can use any bean.

Don't throw away those old beans! Old beans that do not want to soften can be turned into bean flour and used this way. Once the beans start losing some of their moisture they take a long time to cook. This can be remedied by cooking them in a pressure cooker for a few minutes, after soaking for a few hours. You can also bottle and can dry beans when they are getting old. They cook right up when bottled and are handy to use in soups, in a jiffy.

Oatmeal Chocolate Chip Cookies

1 cup butter, marg or oil

3/4 cup firmly packed brown sugar

1/2 cup honey

1 egg

1 tsp vanilla

1/4 cup white bean flour

1 tsp baking soda

1 tsp salt

3 cups oatmeal

2 cups chips

1 1/2 cup whole wheat flour

1 1/2 cup nuts (opt)

Beat together butter, sugar and honey until fluffy. Beat in egg and vanilla. Add dry ingredients and mix well. Drop by rounded teaspoonfuls onto ungreased cookie sheet. Bake 9 to 11 minutes.

Challenge for the coming week: Cook something with beans!

Please share your success stories and your recipes with all of us.

Here are some shared recipes

Recipe's from Laurie Gravatt

Easy Baked Beans (Larissa's favorite, she makes these when ever we have them)
2)-16-18 oz. cans of pork-n-beans
3/4 c. brown sugar
1 tsp dry mustard
6 slices of bacon
1/2 c ketchup

350 1 1/2 hrs.

Grandma Hardman's Baked Beans
2 lrg. cans pork-n-beans drain off juice and remove pork.
1/3 - 1/2 C. Molasses
1/2 - 1 C. Br. Sugar
1 tsp. mustard
This recipe is gauged purely by taste adjust amounts until you get the flavor you want.

Bake at 350 30-45 min.

Bean Burrito Pie
1 can (16oz) refried beans
1 c. bisquick
1/4 c. water
Spread mixture in bottom & halfway up side of greased 10" deep pie plate.
Layer in order:
1 lb. browned hamburger (drained)
1 slice avacado (optional)
1 cup thick salsa
1 1/2 C. shredded cheese
Bake for 30 min. at 375. each piece may be served with sour cream. 8

My favorite Chili with Beans Recipe, we always have this with scones.
2 lbs ground beef
1 lrg Green pepper diced
1 lrg. onion diced
1 lrg garlic cloved, minced
1/3 c. chili powder
2) 15 1/4 to 19 oz red kidney beans (drained, save the juice)
1) 28 oz. can tomatoes
1) 6 oz. can tom. paste
3.4 C. water
1/2 tsp. salt
1 tsp sugar
1 bay leaf

Cook Beef & vegi's together until browned. Stir in chili powder & liquid
from kid. beans. Stir in tom.'s, paste, water, slt, sugar and bay leaf.
Simmer 45 min. stir in reserved kidney beans. you can top with cheese.

From Jennifer my niece:

I'm still baking all our bread with my freshly milled flour. I already went through my hard red wheat so I knew that I needed the big 6 gall bucket of that. I tried a bean recipe too last week. It was a 15 bean soup thing with ham. It turned out really good and I used the method of soaking the beans in the hot water for an hour instead
of cold water all night, and we weren't gassy at all after eating them, yeah!

One of our favorite's:

Taco Soup

1 can black beans

1 can pinto beans

1 can corn

1 can chunk tomatoes

2 tbls or one packet taco seasoning

1 lb hamburger (opt)

Mix, heat or let simmer in crock pot all day

Black Bean Fudge

4 squares chocolate, unsweetened 1 1/2 cubes butter 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 1 2/3 cups black beans, cooked 2 1/2 pounds powdered sugar Melt unsweetened chocolate squares with butter. Mix in drained and mashed black beans, vanilla extract, and sugar. Place mixture in a large buttered, shallow cookie pan, ie. 10 x 15-inch jelly roll pan. Refrigerate. Makes from 2 1/2 to 3 pounds of fudge.


This e-mail is sent solely for the purpose of educating you in the are of preparedness

It is not meant as a forecast of any event.

Please close with prayer

Copyright Bucket Ideas@


I found a great info site about beans--thought you might like to look at it. It is about pressure cooking beans

Many factors influence cooking times. Use this information as a guideline, but the actual cooking times may vary depending on your pressure cooker, heat source and the quality and/or quantity of the beans. See more information about how beans are classified and how that relates to cooking times and digestability, and why some beans are more difficult to digest than others. Drain the soaked beans and rinse well, add enough water to cover the beans by at least 2 inches, but do not fill the pressure cooker more than 1/2 full. Beans are always cooked at high pressure and use the natural release method to drop the pressure. Find recipes for beans and other legumes.

As a general rule, beans should be soaked before cooking. Rinse and add beans to the pressure cooker, add enough water to cover by 2 inches. It is recommended to add 1-2 tablespoons of fat (cooking oils, butter, lard, bacon drippings) to minimise foaming. Lock the lid in place and cook according to the following chart. In all cases beans should be finished using the natural release method.



Characteristics and Uses



Adzuki, Aduki

Adzuki are small, vivid red beans with a slightly sweet flavor. Originally from Asia, its name means "little bean" in Japanese. They are easier to digest than most beans due to a very low fat content.


5-7 minutes


This revived ancient heirloom bean is related to, and similar in size and shape to pinto beans, but sweeter and more flavorful. Use in any recipe that calls for pinto beans. It holds its shape when cooked. Very digestible due to 25% less complex sugars. Mottled burgundy/white markings fade when cooked.

min. 4 hours

4-6 minutes

Black Turtle Bean, Tampico, Venezuelan, Mexican Black Spanish Black

Photo of Black beans

A staple of Latin American and Caribbean cuisine, these beans have a strong, earthy, almost mushroom-like flavor and soft floury texture. They're are best combined with assertive flavorings

min. 4 hours

10-12 minutes

Black Eyed Peas

Photo of Blackeye beans

Black-eyed Beans have a good aroma, creamy texture and distinctive flavor. These beans are characterized by a small black eye and they are really a type of pea originally from Africa. No pre-soaking needed, they are easily digested. Traditionally served with rice and greens. Celebrate New Years with a dish called Hoppin' John.


10 minutes

Canellini, Fazolia, White Kidney Bean

These taste like the great northern or navy bean but are longer and fatter. Excellent in bean salads, Italian minestrone, soups with tomato, or simply served warm with a splash of olive oil, fresh minced rosemary and a dash of black pepper.

min. 4 hours

6-8 minutes

Cranberry Bean, Borlotti Beans, Shell Bean, Christmas Bean

Photo of Cranberry beans

Cranberry beans are rounded with red specks, which disappear on cooking, similar to the pinto bean but more delicate, nutty flavor. Commonly used in Italian soups and stews.

min. 4 hours

5-9 minutes


The French make good use of this small, creamy bean, often serving it with lamb. Substitutes: great Northern beans

min. 4 hours


Fava, Broad Bean, Butterbean, Windsor Bean, English Bean

Huge, substantial beans with tough outer skin. Peel off skins after soaking. Creamy texture; nutty, sweet earthy flavor. Use in soups, or purée into paté like hummus with rosemary, olive oil, garlic, lemon and fresh herbs. Try with blanched cauliflower pieces, vinegar, olive oil, chopped red onion, olive oil and balsamic vinegar. Use caution when pressure cooking because of the loose skins. Always use oil with these bean and place the rack on TOP of the beans to help keep loose skins from floating up.

min. 8 hrs or over night

4-5 minutes

Cook these beans at 8-10psi and use the natural release method

Garbonzo, Chickpeas, Ceci

Photo of Garbanzo beans

Garbanzo Beans or chickpeas are the most widely consumed legume in the world. Originating in the Middle East, they have a firm texture with a flavor somewhere between chestnuts and walnuts. These round beans are high in fat, keep their unique shape when cooked, and they are usually pale yellow in color, but they can also be found in red, black, and brown. Mild and sweet flavor with good protein and iron. Add to salads, soups, and pasta dishes. Purée into hummus with tahini with garlic, lemon juice, sea salt and olive oil.

min. 8 hrs or over night

10-13 minutes

Great Northern

Photo of Great Northern beans

Also called white kidney beans, these beans have a smooth texture, and delicate flavor and can be substituted for canellini or Navy beans. Use in Italian style soups and pasta dishes. Substitute for garbanzo beans in hummus.

min. 4 hours

4-9 minutes

Lentils, Green, French, Spanish Brown, Dal Lentils, Black Beluga Lentils

Colors Range From Green, Brown, White, Yellow, Red, Coral, Black.


Red Lentils

Spanish Brown Lentils

Black Beluga Lentils

Very versatile Lentils have a mild, often earthy flavor, and they're best if cooked with assertive flavorings or other foods in combination with robust, zesty sauces. Unlike dried beans and peas, there's no need to soak them. mild and simple lentils and rice

Dal is an Indian word referring to all dried legumes and also the dishes made from them.

Lentils are rich in protein, carbohydrates, fiber, and low in fat. Before cooking, always rinse lentils and pick out stones and other debris.

The most delicate lentils are the peppery French green lentils. The mild brown lentils are the most common variety and hold their shape well after cooking,


7 minutes

(can easily turn mushy if overcooked)

Kidney, Rajma, Mexican Bean

A large, kidney-shaped bean with a subtle sweet flavor and soft texture that keep their shape during cooking. Used in Southwestern dishes and bean salads.

min. 4 hours

10-12 minutes

Lima Beans, Madagascar Bean

Large beans with a buttery flavor and starchy texture. Caution: loose, large skins can clog pressure cookers. Great for hearty soups and stews with vegetables.

Use caution when pressure cooking because of the loose skins. Always use oil with these bean and place the rack on TOP of the beans to help keep loose skins from floating up.

min. 8 hrs or over night

3-4 minutes

Cook these beans at 8-10psi and use the natural release method

Mung, Mungo,
Mung Pea, Green Gram

A major player in Indian and Chinese dishes. Easy to digest, these beans do not hold shape well, but they are: great in stews or served over rice.

min. 4 hours

9 - 12 minutes

cook these beans at 8psi

Navy, Yankee Bean, Pearl Haricot, Boston Navy Bean

These beans were named for their large role in the diet aboard U.S. Navy ships during the late 19th Century. Small white ovals; mild flavor with powdery texture. Makes great soup, chowders, and bean pot recipes.

min. 4 hours

8-11 minutes

Peas, Whole

Dried garden peas. Called soup peas in the U.S., and mushy peas in Great Britain. Use in soups and stews.

min. 4 hours

4-6 minutes

Peas, Split
Green & Yellow

Green Split Peas

Yellow Split Peas

Yellow peas are milder than green, both have a grainy texture and do not hold their shape. Great for soups, puree half of the cooked peas for a creamier texture.


10-13 minutes

Pigeon Peas, Gandules

Most often it's found in its dried form. But it's delicious fresh, it has been discovered in Egyptian tombs, and it is important to the cuisines of India where it's known as arhar, tur, toor, or tuvaram. The pea ranges from red to white, from brown to black. Interestingly, pigeon peas have a reputation for being slightly narcotic...possibly accounting for especially deep naps after dinner....

min. 4 hours

7-9 minutes

Pink, Chili Beans

Small, pale, pink-colored; rich, meaty flavor with a slightly powdery texture, these are related to the kidney bean. Turns reddish brown when cooked. Used in Mexican-American dishes, and often featured in chili and western barbecues.

min. 4 hours

5-8 minutes


A pinto bean hybrid, the rattlesnake bean gets its name from the way its bean pods twist and snake around the vines and poles. These beans are great for chili, refried beans, soups or casseroles. Substitutes: pinto bean OR chili bean OR red kidney bean.

min. 4 hours

6-8 minutes


Photo of Pinto beans

Pintos are medium ovals with an earthy flavor and powdery texture. They tend to be mushier when cooked than pink or red beans. Their dappled, bicolor appearance changes to brown when cooked. A favorite for Mexican dishes.

min. 4 hours

10-12 minutes

Red Beans

Used in traditional Southern cooking, and often combined with rice. Also compliments the flavor and color of corn pasta, either plain and simple or hot and spicy.

min. 4 hours

5-8 minutes

Scarlet, White, Black Runner Beans

Scarlet Runner Beans

These large beans are very flavorful, and they work well in salads or as a side dish.

min. 4 hours

9-12 minutes

Small Red Beans, Mexican Red Bean

Photo of Small Red Kidney beans

These dark red beans hold their shape and firmness when cooked. Similar to red kidney, but smoother in taste and texture. They can be substituted for any of the colored varieties and used in soups, salads, chili and Creole dishes.

min. 4 hours

5-8 minutes

Soy, Soya Beans: Beige Or Black

They come in two kinds, beige and black. Sweet, nutty flavor, and touted for health benefits, these beans are hard to digest,and they are the hardest of all dried beans. Soak over night in the refrigerator.

min. 8 hrs or over night

35 minutes